South Florida Native Plants and Trees

Sea Oxeye Daisy

Sea Oxeye Daisy Borrichia frutescens Very hardy, showy flower.   Will sucker. Family: Asteraceae Group: Dicot Substrate: Terrestrial Habit: Shrub Perennation: Perennial Native Range: Eastern and southeastern United States, the West Indies (Bahamas) and southern...

Scorpionstail

Scorpionstail Heliotropium angiospermum Likes more shady conditions.   Showy white flowers attract numerous pollinating insects, butterflies. Family: Boraginaceae Group: Dicot Substrate: Terrestrial Habit: Herb Perennation: Perennial Native Range: Southern United...

Passion Vine

Passion Vine Passiflora suberosa Excellent host plant for Zebra Longwing butterfly.  This plant is a MUST in any native butterfly garden! Family: Passifloraceae Group: Dicot Substrate: Terrestrial Habit: Vine Perennation: Perennial Native Range: Southeastern United...

Frog Fruit

Frog Fruit Phyla nodiflora Great ground cover and alternative to exotic grasses.  Attracts a tremendous amount of pollinators into the yard. Family: Verbenaceae Group: Dicot Substrate: Terrestrial Habit: Herb Perennation: Perennial Native Range: Widespread in the...

Coontie

Coontie Zamia pumila Very hearty. Extremely cold and drought tolerant.  Host plant for rare Atala butterfly.  Likes a decent amount of shade.

Passion Flower

Passion Flower Passiflora incarnata Family: Passifloraceae Group: Dicot Substrate: Terrestrial Habit: Vine Perennation: Perennial Native Range: Eastern and central United States SOUTH FLORIDA Occurrence: Present SOUTH FLORIDA Native Status: Native SOUTH FLORIDA...
Conoclinium coelestinum

Blue Mistflower

Blue Mistflower Conoclinium coelestinum

Spider Lily

Spider Lily Hymenocallis latifolia Family: Amaryllidaceae Group: Monocot Substrate: Terrestrial Habit: Herb Perennation: Perennial Native Range: Southeastern United States (Florida, Texas) and the West Indies. Visit IRC to view map for Spider Lily

Boston Fern

Boston Fern Nephrolepis exaltata Great ground cover in shady conditions.  The native species is not invasive. Family: Nephrolepidaceae Group: Pteridophyte Substrate: Terrestrial Habit: Herb Perennation: Perennial Native Range: Southern United States, the West Indies,...

Prairie Iris

Prairie Iris Iris hexagona Great flowering iris wetland plant.  Flowering period is short lived but marvelous. Family: Iridaceae Group: Monocot Substrate: Terrestrial Habit: Herb Perennation: Perennial Native Range: Southeatern and central United States. IRC SOUTH...

Wildflowers

A wildflower (or wild flower) is a flower that grows in the wild, meaning it was not intentionally seeded or planted.

East Coast Dune Sunflower (Helianthus debilis)

Red Tropical Sage (Salvia coccinea)

Blue Mistflower (Conoclinium coelestinum)

Frog Fruit (Phyla nodiflora)

Spider Lily (Hymenocallis latifolia)

Blanket Flower (Gaillardia pulchella)

Perennial Plants

A perennial plant or simply perennial (from Latin per, meaning “through”, and annus, meaning “year”) is a plant that lives for more than two years.  The term is often used to differentiate a plant from shorter-lived annuals and biennials. The term is also widely used to distinguish plants with little or no woody growth from trees and shrubs, which are also technically perennials.

Prairie Iris (Iris hexagona)

Anthurium (Anthurium)

Society Garlic (Tulbaghia violacea)

Bee Balm (Monarda Punctata)

Silver Sea Oxeye Daisy (Borrichia frutescens)

Purple Passionflower (Passiflora incarnata)

Shrubs

A shrub is distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and shorter height, usually under 6 m (20 ft) tall. Plants of many species may grow either into shrubs or trees, depending on their growing conditions.

Blue Porterflower (Stachytarpheta jamaicensis)

Inkberry (Scaevola plumieri)

Chapman’s Cassia (Senna Mexicana var. chapmanii)

Florida Keys Blackbead

Horizontal Cocoplum (Chrysobalanus icaco)

Jamacia Caper (Capparis cynophallophora)

Marlberry (Ardisia escallonioides)

Vines

A vine in the narrowest sense is the grapevine, but more generally it can refer to any plant with a growth habit of trailing or climbing stems or runners.

Coral Honeysuckle (Lonicera sempervirens)

Railroad Vine (Ipomoea pes-caprae subsp. brasiliensis)

 

Grasses

Grasses, or more technically graminoids, are usually herbaceous plants with narrow leaves growing from the base.

Trees

In botany, a tree is a perennial plant with an elongated stem, or trunk, supporting branches and leaves in most species. In some usages, the definition of a tree may be narrower, including only woody plants with secondary growth, plants that are usable as lumber or plants above a specified height.

Mastic Tree (Sideroxylon foetidissumum) 

Silver Buttonwood

Satinleaf (Chrysophyllum oliviforme)

7 Year Apple (Casasia clusiifolia)

Gumbo Limbo
Geiger Tree

 

Bamboo (not Florida Native)

Bamboo is a tribe of flowering perennial evergreen plants in the grass family Poaceae, subfamily Bambusoideae, tribe Bambuseae.

Black Bamboo (Phyllostachys nigra)

Edible Plants (not Florida Native)

Bring a food forest to your yard. Beyond just veggie boxes, these plants can nourish you and your landscape.

Chaya (Cnidoscolus aconitifolius)

Pigeon Pea (Cajanus cajan)

Cranberry Hibiscus (Hibiscus acetosella)

Aloe Plant (Aloe barbadensis)

Moringa Tree (Moringa oleifera)