South Florida Native Plants and Trees

Swamp Fern

Swam Fern  Blechnum serrulatum Attractive fern that is very hardy forming dense mat creating erosion control.    Family: Blechnaceae Group: Pteridophyte Substrate: Terrestrial Habit: Herb Perennation: Perennial Native Range: Florida, the West Indies, Mexico,...

Sea Oxeye Daisy

Sea Oxeye Daisy Borrichia frutescens Very hardy, showy flower.   Will sucker. Family: Asteraceae Group: Dicot Substrate: Terrestrial Habit: Shrub Perennation: Perennial Native Range: Eastern and southeastern United States, the West Indies (Bahamas) and southern...

Frog Fruit

Frog Fruit Phyla nodiflora Great ground cover and alternative to exotic grasses.  Attracts a tremendous amount of pollinators into the yard. Family: Verbenaceae Group: Dicot Substrate: Terrestrial Habit: Herb Perennation: Perennial Native Range: Widespread in the...

Blue Porterweed

Blue Porterweed Stachytarpheta jamaicensis Tropical Buckeye Butterfly larva feeds on the leaves.  Very showy purple flowers with a mat forming growth. Family: Verbenaceae Group: Dicot Substrate: Terrestrial Habit: Herb Perennation: Perennial Native Range: South...

Plumbago

Plumbago Plumbago scandens Forms a dense, low growing shrub. Likes shade.  Will intermix well with Ferns.  Can handle extreme conditions like moisture and drought.  Attracts  and is a host plant for several species of butterflies. Family: Plumbaginaceae Group: Dicot...

Blanket Flower

Blanket Flower Gaillardia pulchella Showy color. Nectar plant for several butterflies. Tolerant of dry conditions and poor soil. Family: Asteraceae Group: Dicot Substrate: Terrestrial Habit: Herb Perennation: Annual SOUTH FLORIDA Occurrence: Present SOUTH FLORIDA...

East Coast Dune Sunflower

East Coast Dune Sunflower Helianthus debilis Nutt. subsp. debilis Family: Asteraceae Group: Dicot Substrate: Terrestrial Habit: Herb Perennation: Perennial Native Range: Eastern peninsular Florida and southeastern Georgia; doubtfully native to the Monroe County Keys....

Red Tropical Sage

Red Tropical Sage Salvia coccinea Attractive to hummingbirds and butterflies. Self-seeding – extended flowering periods – showy array of colored flowers. Family: Lamiaceae Group: Dicot Substrate: Terrestrial Habit: Herb Perennation: Perennial Native...

Blue Tropical Sage

Blue Tropical Sage Salvia azurea Brilliant Blue color.   Likes moist soils but can handle drought conditions.  Performs best getting afternoon shade Family: Lamiaceae Group: Dicot Substrate: Terrestrial Habit: Herb Perennation: Perennial Native Range: Southeastern...

Jamaican Caper

Jamacia Caper Capparis cynophallophora Extremely hardy and drought tolerant. Very attractive flowers in late spring and early summer with shiny green leaves. Reduced need for pruning.   Visit IRC to view map for Jamaica Caper

Wildflowers

A wildflower (or wild flower) is a flower that grows in the wild, meaning it was not intentionally seeded or planted.

East Coast Dune Sunflower (Helianthus debilis)

Red Tropical Sage (Salvia coccinea)

Blue Mistflower (Conoclinium coelestinum)

Frog Fruit (Phyla nodiflora)

Spider Lily (Hymenocallis latifolia)

Blanket Flower (Gaillardia pulchella)

Perennial Plants

A perennial plant or simply perennial (from Latin per, meaning “through”, and annus, meaning “year”) is a plant that lives for more than two years.  The term is often used to differentiate a plant from shorter-lived annuals and biennials. The term is also widely used to distinguish plants with little or no woody growth from trees and shrubs, which are also technically perennials.

Prairie Iris (Iris hexagona)

Anthurium (Anthurium)

Society Garlic (Tulbaghia violacea)

Bee Balm (Monarda Punctata)

Silver Sea Oxeye Daisy (Borrichia frutescens)

Purple Passionflower (Passiflora incarnata)

Shrubs

A shrub is distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and shorter height, usually under 6 m (20 ft) tall. Plants of many species may grow either into shrubs or trees, depending on their growing conditions.

Blue Porterflower (Stachytarpheta jamaicensis)

Inkberry (Scaevola plumieri)

Chapman’s Cassia (Senna Mexicana var. chapmanii)

Florida Keys Blackbead

Horizontal Cocoplum (Chrysobalanus icaco)

Jamacia Caper (Capparis cynophallophora)

Marlberry (Ardisia escallonioides)

Vines

A vine in the narrowest sense is the grapevine, but more generally it can refer to any plant with a growth habit of trailing or climbing stems or runners.

Coral Honeysuckle (Lonicera sempervirens)

Railroad Vine (Ipomoea pes-caprae subsp. brasiliensis)

 

Grasses

Grasses, or more technically graminoids, are usually herbaceous plants with narrow leaves growing from the base.

Trees

In botany, a tree is a perennial plant with an elongated stem, or trunk, supporting branches and leaves in most species. In some usages, the definition of a tree may be narrower, including only woody plants with secondary growth, plants that are usable as lumber or plants above a specified height.

Mastic Tree (Sideroxylon foetidissumum) 

Silver Buttonwood

Satinleaf (Chrysophyllum oliviforme)

7 Year Apple (Casasia clusiifolia)

Gumbo Limbo
Geiger Tree

 

Bamboo (not Florida Native)

Bamboo is a tribe of flowering perennial evergreen plants in the grass family Poaceae, subfamily Bambusoideae, tribe Bambuseae.

Black Bamboo (Phyllostachys nigra)

Edible Plants (not Florida Native)

Bring a food forest to your yard. Beyond just veggie boxes, these plants can nourish you and your landscape.

Chaya (Cnidoscolus aconitifolius)

Pigeon Pea (Cajanus cajan)

Cranberry Hibiscus (Hibiscus acetosella)

Aloe Plant (Aloe barbadensis)

Moringa Tree (Moringa oleifera)